Wichita Falls, Texas
Texas’s second direct potable reusable project is in Wichita Falls, which has been experience a Stage 5 drought catastrophe. It is a several-step process. First, treated wastewater effluent is conveyed to a microfiltration/reverse osmosis (MF/RO) brackish surface water treatment plant, where it is treated. Then it is blended 50/50 with raw surface water. The blend then is treated at an adjacent conventional surface water treatment plant and distributed to water users. This emergency water supply project began operations in July 2014, making use of existing surface water treatment facilities.